What are the file formats recommended by TERN

The following table contains file formats recommended by TERN for data preservation, publication and reuse. The list was developed based on the Library of Congress Recommended Formats Statement 2020-2021.

If you are ensure about the suitable file format for your data, please contact us on esupport@tern.org.au for clarification.

Data types

Recommended Formats

Still images (e.g., bio-imaging)

Note: we accept camera raw image file, which then will be converted into the recommended format for publication).

  • JPEG

  • TIFF

  • PNG

Audio works (e.g., bioacoustics)

  • Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC)

Geospatial vector

  • ESRI Shapefile

  • GML

Geospatial raster (e.g., remote sensing gridded data products; soil and landscape grid)

  • Geo-referenced TIFF

  • Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF (COG)

Sensor time series (e.g., ecology plot-based survey and inventory data, flux)

  • Comma-separated values

  • Tab-delimited file

  • NetCDF (for multidimensional array)

Textual works

  • PDF/UA, PDF/A or PDF

  • OpenDocument Text

  • Plain text (.txt).